|12 Months Ended|
Jul. 31, 2017
|Loss Contingency [Abstract]|
|Contingencies Disclosure [Text Block]||
Note 14 – Contingencies
June 2004, the Company and Enzo Life Sciences, Inc., filed suit in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut against Applera Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiary Tropix, Inc., which became Life Technologies, Inc. and was acquired by Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc. (NYSE:TMO) on February 2014. The complaint alleged infringement of six patents relating to DNA sequencing systems, labeled nucleotide products, and other technology. Yale University is the owner of four of the patents and the Company is the exclusive licensee. These four patents are commonly referred to as the “Ward” patents. In November 2012, a jury in New Haven found that one of these patents (United States Patent No. 5,449,667) was infringed and not proven invalid. The jury awarded $48.5 million for this infringement. In January 2014, the judge awarded prejudgment interest of approximately $12.5 million and additional post-interest on the full amount was also being awarded starting November 2012 until the total award is satisfied. The final award to the Company could have been reduced or subject to possible claims from third parties. In March 2015, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit vacated that judgment in a decision remanding the matter to the district court for further proceedings. On February 22 2016, the Connecticut District Court granted Applera’s motion for summary judgment of non-infringement. The Company appealed that decision. On August 2, 2017, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed a judgment of the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut, on February 22, 2016. The lower court found that Applera Corp. (now part of Thermo-Fischer) had not infringed our patent and the Federal Circuit affirmed that finding. We are considering our options. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in this litigation. Even if the Company is not successful, management does not believe that there will be a significant adverse monetary impact on the Company.
As of August 1, 2014 the Company was engaged in litigation in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against Roche Diagnostic GmbH and its related company Roche Molecular Systems, Inc. (“Roche”), as declaratory judgment defendant. This case was commenced in May 2004. Roche seeks a declaratory judgment of non-breach of contract and patent invalidity against the Company. Roche has also asserted tort claims against the Company. The Company has asserted breach of contract and patent infringement causes of action against Roche. There has been extensive discovery in the case. In 2011, Roche moved for summary judgment of non-infringement regarding the Company’s patent claims. In 2012, the motion was granted in part and denied in part. In December 2012, Roche moved for summary judgment on the Company’s non-patent claims. Additional discovery was taken and the Company responded to the motions in May 2013. In December 2013, the Court granted in part and denied in part Roche’s summary judgment motion. In October 2014, the Court ordered that damages discovery concerning the Company’s remaining contract and patent claims and Roche’s claims should be completed by the end of January 2015, and expert discovery should be completed following the Court’s not-yet-issued claim construction ruling concerning the Company’s patent infringement claim against Roche. Roche dropped its tort claims during damages discovery. In April 2015, the Court heard oral argument on claim construction issues. In May 2015, Roche and the Company jointly moved the Court to extend the schedule for damages discovery until the end of May 2015, and the Court granted that motion. The parties are waiting for the Courts’ ruling on claim construction. The Company and Enzo Life Sciences intend to vigorously press their remaining claims and contest the claims against them.
In September 2014, the Company and the U.S. Department of Justice reached a settlement agreement to resolve an investigation focused primarily on an alleged failure to collect diagnosis codes from physicians who ordered tests through Enzo Clinical Labs. During fiscal year 2014, the Company recorded a charge of $2.0 million in the statement of operations under legal settlements, net within the Clinical Labs segment. The settlement amount is being paid with interest over a five-year period. During fiscal year 2016, the Company accrued an additional $1.5 million, due to the Company’s achievement of certain financial milestones. As of July31, 2017, the total liability for this settlement is $0.8 million, of which $0.4 million is included in other current liabilities and $0.4 million included in other liabilities.
In June 2014, the Company, as plaintiff finalized and executed a settlement agreement with PerkinElmer, Inc., and PerkinElmer Health Sciences, Inc. (formerly known as PerkinElmer Life Sciences, Inc.) (together, “PerkinElmer”), with respect to an action between the Company and PerkinElmer before the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, Case No 03-CV-3817. PerkinElmer paid $7.0 million in escrow pursuant to the agreement because of a former attorney’s charging lien for fees allegedly owed for past services rendered to the Company. In December 2015, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement with the former attorney pursuant to which the Company and the former attorney resolved their respective claims against each other. In January 2016, the Company received a total of approximately $7.0 million from the escrow referred to above in accordance with the terms of the Settlement Agreement which was included in the statement of operations under Legal settlements, net within the Life Science segment in the 2016 period.
In October 2015, the Company reached and finalized a settlement with Affymetrix, Inc. in the amount of $6.8 million, net in a patent infringement action brought by the Company. In January 2016, the Company reached and finalized a settlement agreement with Agilent Technologies, Inc. in the amount of $6.1 million, net in a patent infringement action brought by the Company. Both cases were originally brought by the Company in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. The settlements were included in the statement of operations during the 2016 fiscal period under Legal settlements, net within the Life Science segment.
In May 2016, the Company reached and finalized a settlement with Life Technologies Corporation in the amount of $24.3 million, net in an infringement action brought by the Company regarding its US Patents No. 6,992,180 and 7,064,197. In July 2016, the Company reached and finalized a settlement with Illumina, Inc., in the amount of $14.5 million, net in an infringement action brought by the Company regarding US Patent No. 7,064,197. These cases were originally brought by the Company in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. The settlements are included in the statement of operations under Legal settlements, net within the Life Science segment for the 2016 period.
As of July 31, 2017, there are seven pending cases originally brought by the Company in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (“the Court”) alleging patent infringement against various companies. On June 28, 2017, the Court issued an opinion in the Gen-Probe case, granting Gen-Probe’s motion for summary judgment that the asserted claims of the ’180 patent are invalid for nonenablement. The Court entered final judgment of invalidity of the asserted claims of the ‘180 patent on July 19, 2017 in the Gen-Probe and Hologic cases. The Court entered partial final judgment of invalidity of the asserted claims of the ‘180 patent and stayed the remainder of the cases in the Becton Dickinson and Roche cases on July 31, 2017 and August 2, 2017, respectively. The Company has filed notices of appeal in each of the Gen-Probe, Hologic, Becton Dickinson, and Roche cases, which have been docketed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (“Federal Circuit”). In the Abbott case, the parties agreed that the Court’s summary judgment ruling in the Gen-Probe case invalidated all of the ’180 patent claims asserted against the Abbott Defendants. On August 15, 2017, the Court granted Abbott’s motion for summary judgment that the asserted claims of the ’405 patent are invalid for nonenablement. On September 1, 2017, the Court entered final judgement of invalidity of the asserted claims of the ‘180 and ‘405 patents for nonenablement. Enzo subsequently filed a notice of appeal on September 14, 2017. The Federal Circuit docketed the appeal on September 15, 2017. The Federal Circuit has consolidated the appeals from the Abbott, Becton Dickinson, Gen-Probe, Hologic, and Roche litigations (“Consolidated Appeals”) and set November 28, 2017 as the deadline for Enzo to file its opening brief in the Consolidated Appeals. We disagree with the Court’s invalidity decisions regarding the ‘180 and ‘405 patents in the pending cases and continue to explore options for review of those decisions. In the other two cases involving Hologic, one of the cases is stayed, while the other case is proceeding under the Court’s scheduling order with fact and expert discovery deadlines through September 2018, a summary judgment hearing date in February 2019, and a trial date in May 2019.
The Company currently uses one third party reference lab for certain clinical laboratory services we provide which represents 18% of the consolidated purchases for the year ended July 31, 2017. Although there are a limited number of reference labs available for those clinical laboratory services, we believe that these other references labs could provide us with such testing results on comparable terms. A change in reference labs, however, could cause a delay in obtaining and reporting those test results and a possible loss of services revenues, which would affect operating results adversely.
There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in these litigations. Even if the Company is not successful, management does not believe that there will be a significant adverse monetary impact on the Company.
The Company is party to other claims, legal actions, complaints, and contractual disputes that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company believes that any liability that may ultimately result from the resolution of these matters will not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on its financial position or results of operations
The entire disclosure for loss and gain contingencies. Describes any existing condition, situation, or set of circumstances involving uncertainty as of the balance sheet date (or prior to issuance of the financial statements) as to a probable or reasonably possible loss incurred by an entity that will ultimately be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur, and typically discloses the amount of loss recorded or a range of possible loss, or an assertion that no reasonable estimate can be made.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef