|12 Months Ended|
Jul. 31, 2022
|Stockholders' Equity Note [Abstract]|
Note 12 - Stockholders’ equity
Controlled Equity Offering
The Company has a Controlled Equity OfferingSM Sales Agreement (the “Sales Agreement”) with Cantor Fitzgerald & Co., as sales agent (“Cantor”). Under the Sales Agreement, the Company may offer and sell, from time to time, through Cantor, shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”). The Company pays Cantor a commission of 3.0% of the aggregate gross proceeds received under the Sale Agreement. The Company is not obligated to make any sales of the Shares under the Sales Agreement. The offering of Shares pursuant to the Sales Agreement will terminate upon the earlier of (a) the sale of all of the Shares subject to the Sales Agreement or (b) the termination of the Sales Agreement by Cantor or the Company, as permitted therein. The initial agreement contemplated the sale of shares of the Company’s common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $20.0 million. In December 2014, the Sales Agreement was amended in order for the Company to offer and sell additional shares of Common Stock having an aggregate offering price of $20.0 million.
On September 1, 2017, the Company filed with the SEC a Form S-3 “shelf” registration and sales agreement prospectus covering the offering, issuance and sale of our Common Stock that may be issued and sold under the existing Sales Agreement in an aggregate amount of up to $19.2 million. A total of $150 million of securities may be sold under this shelf registration, which was declared effective September 15, 2017. The Form S-3 expired in October 2020 but may be refiled at any time at the discretion of the Company.
For the years ended July 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020, the Company did not sell any shares of common stock under the Sales Agreement.
Common stock issuances
In fiscal 2022, the Company issued 237,383 shares of common stock pursuant to its employees’ 401(k) matching contribution obligation of $814. In fiscal 2021, the Company issued 208,537 shares of common stock in settlement of its employees’ 401(k) matching contribution obligation of $780. In January 2021, the Company issued 332,700 shares of common stock in payment of accrued executive bonuses of $875. In fiscal 2020, the Company issued 333,265 shares of common stock in settlement of its employees’ 401(k) matching contribution obligation of $839 and also issued 4,167 shares of common stock as employee compensation and recorded an expense of $10.
Incentive stock plans
In January 2011, the Company’s stockholders approved the adoption of the 2011 Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”) for the issuance of equity awards, including, among others, options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and performance stock units for up to 3,000,000 shares of common stock. In January 2018, the Company’s stockholders approved the amendment and restatement of the 2011 Plan (the “Amended and Restated 2011 Plan”) to increase the number of shares of common stock available for grant under the 2011 Plan by 2,000,000 shares of common stock bringing the total number of shares available for grant to 5,000,000 shares of common stock. On October 7, 2020, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the amendment and restatement of the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan, with an effective date of October 7, 2020 and subject to approval by the Company’s stockholders at the 2020 annual meeting of stockholders of the Company. The amendment and restatement of the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan was for purposes of, among other things, (i) increasing the shares of common stock available for grant under the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan by an additional 4,000,000 shares of common stock bringing the total number of shares available for grant to 9,000,000 shares of common stock and (ii) extending the term of the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan until October 7, 2030. In January 2021, the Company’s stockholders approved the amendment and restatement of the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan.
The exercise price of options granted under the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan, as amended and restated, is equal to or greater than fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant. The Amended and Restated 2011 Plan, as amended and restated, will terminate at the earliest of (a) such time as no shares of common stock remain available for issuance under the plan, (b) termination of the plan by the Company’s Board of Directors, or (c) October 7, 2030. Awards outstanding upon expiration of the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan, as amended and restated, will remain in effect until they have been exercised or terminated, or have expired. As of July 31, 2022, there were approximately 4,142,000 shares of common stock available for grant under the Amended and Restated 2011 Plan, as amended and restated.
The Company estimates the fair value of each stock option award on the measurement date using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of awards is amortized to expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. The Company expenses restricted stock awards based on vesting requirements, primarily time elapsed. Performance stock awards are not recognized until it is probable they will be earned. At such time, their expense is then recognized over the requisite service period, including that portion of the service period already elapsed.
Effective November 8, 2021, the Company appointed Hamid Erfanian as Chief Executive Officer and granted equity awards to him comprised of options to purchase 700,000 shares of common stock of the Company and restricted stock units (RSUs) for 260,000 shares of the common stock of the Company.
Options granted pursuant to the plans may be either incentive stock options or non-statutory options. The 2011 Plan provides for the issuance of stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards which generally vest over a two or three year period. A summary of the option activity pursuant to the Company’s stock option plan for the years ended July 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020 is as follows:
The intrinsic value of stock option awards that vested during the fiscal year represents the value of the Company’s closing stock price on the last trading day of the fiscal year in excess of the exercise price multiplied by the number of options that vested.
Total intrinsic value of outstanding options that vested and were exercisable during the fiscal years ended July 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020 was $68, $488, and $0, respectively.
The intrinsic value of options outstanding at July 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020 was $193, $1,323 and $79, respectively.
The intrinsic value of the options exercised in fiscal 2022, 2021 and 2020 was $4, $38 and $0, respectively.
Listed below are the assumptions used to determine the fair value of options granted during fiscal years 2022, 2021 and 2020:
The following table summarizes information for stock options outstanding at July 31, 2022:
The following table summarizes information for stock options exercisable at July 31, 2022:
Performance Stock Units
To better align the long-term interest of executives with growing U.S. practices, beginning in fiscal 2018, the Company granted long-term incentive awards in the form of time based stock options and performance-based restricted stock units (“Performance Stock Units” or “PSUs”). The PSUs earned will be determined over a three-year performance period. The primary performance metrics will be revenue and Adjusted EBITDA growth. Payouts are based on revenue and adjusted EBITDA goals met at threshold, target or maximum levels and will be modified based on Total Shareholder Return (“TSR”) performance relative to Enzo’s peer group. The remaining PSUs awarded to executive officers in fiscal 2018 expired in fiscal 2021 as the 3 year growth goals were not achieved.
During the fiscal years ended 2020 and 2019, the Company awarded additional PSUs to its executive officers. These awards provide for the grant of shares of our common stock at the end of a three–year period based on the achievement of revenue growth and adjusted EBITDA growth goals met at threshold, target or maximum levels over the respective period.
For the fiscal year ended July 31, 2022, the Company reversed net total PSU accruals of $124 for a former officer who forfeited 25,300 and 20,000 PSUs from the fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 awards, respectively, resulting in net PSU compensation expense of $70. For the fiscal year ended July 31, 2021, the Company accrued compensation expense of $272 for the outstanding PSUs awarded during fiscal 2020 and 2019 as the achievement of certain growth goals was deemed probable at that time. During fiscal 2021, a former officer forfeited 4,000 PSUs awarded in fiscal 2019. During the fiscal year 2020, no compensation expense was recognized as the achievement of the growth goals was deemed not probable at that time. During fiscal 2020, a former executive forfeited 10,500 PSUs from the fiscal 2019 award.
The following table summarizes PSU’s granted and outstanding through July 31, 2022:
Restricted Stock Units
The Company awarded restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to our CEO who was appointed in November 2021. The award was for 260,000 RSUs which vest over three years on the anniversary of his hiring. The fair market value of these RSUs at the date of grant was $881. The Company awarded to its 3 independent directors 117,189 RSUs in April 2022 which vest over two years whose fair market value was $300. In July 2022 the Company awarded to its 3 independent directors 124,998 RSUs which vest in one year and whose fair market value was $300. During fiscal 2022, the Company recognized shared based compensation expense of $295 for these RSUs.
The following table summarizes RSU activity for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2022:
As of July 31, 2022, there was $3,835 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share-based payment arrangements granted under the Company’s 2011 Incentive Plan, which will be recognized over a weighted average remaining life of approximately two years.
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef